Cairo Egypt

Cairo is the capital of Egypt one of the largest in Africa, the largest in the Middle East and 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area.Located near the Nile Delta, modern Cairo was founded in 969 AD by the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo.Cairo has long been a center of the region’s political and cultural life, and is titled “the city of a thousand minarets” for its preponderance of Islamic architecture.Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Middle East, as well as the world’s second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University, many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

Cairo Museum

It was built in 1902 under the direction of Auguste Mariette, the museum known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or Museum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items of many important pieces of ancient Egyptian history.

Giza Pyramids

It’s an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, this complex of ancient monuments includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids (Cheops, Khafre and Mikerinos) the massive sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers’ village and an industrial complex, it is located in the old town of Giza on the Nile, the pyramids were one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World which is still in existence.

The Step Pyramid

The Pyramid of Djoser or Step Pyramid is an archeological remain in the Saqqara necropolis, Egypt, northwest of the city of Memphis.It was built in the 27th century BC during the Third Dynasty for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier, Imhotep.

Mosque of Amr Ibn Al-As

The Mosque of Amr ibn al-As, also called the Mosque of Amr, was originally built in 641–642 AD, as the center of the newly founded capital of Egypt, Fustat.The original structure was the first mosque ever built in Egypt. The location for the mosque was the site of the tent of the commander of the conquering army, general Amr ibn al-As.Nothing of the original building remains, but the rebuilt Mosque is a prominent landmark, and can be seen in what today is known as “Old Cairo”.

Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church

Also known as Abu Serga, in Old Cairo is one of the oldest Coptic churches in Egypt, dating back to the 4th century, Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church is traditionally believed to have been built on the spot where the Holy Family, Joseph, Mary and the infant Jesus Christ, rested at the end of their journey into Egypt. They may have lived here while Joseph worked at the fortress.

The Hanging Church

Is one of the oldest churches in Egypt and the history of a church on this site dates to the 3rd centuryAD, the Hanging Church is named for its location above a gatehouse of Babylon Fortress, the Roman fortress in Coptic Cairo (Old Cairo).


Mosque of Sultan HassanThe

The mosque of Sultan Hassan is a massive Mamluk era mosque and madrassa located near the Citadel in Cairo.At the time of construction, the mosque was considered remarkable for its fantastic size and innovative architectural include schools for all four of the Sunni schools of thought: Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanafi and Hanbali.

Al Rifai Mosque

Al-Rifa’i Mosque named in English the Royal Mosque, is located in Cairo, Egypt, near the Cairo\Citadel.This was part of a vast campaign by the 19th century rulers of Egypt to both associate themselves with the perceived glory of earlier periods in Egypt’s Islamic history and modernize the city.

Saladin Citadel

The Citadel was fortified by the Ayyubid ruler Salah al-Din (Saladin) between 1176 and 1183 CE, to protect it from the Crusaders.The Citadel would be the centerpiece of the wall built on a promontory beneath the Muqattam Hills, a setting that made it difficult to attack, the efficacy of the Citadel’s location is further demonstrated by the fact that it remained the heart of Egyptian government until the 19th century.The citadel stopped being the seat of government when Egypt’s ruler, Khedive Ismail, moved to his newly built Abdin Palace

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